The rise in trade in mammoth ivory poses an indirect threat to elephant populations in the wild by creating
a simple way to enable trade in “laundered” elephant ivory. Greater control is needed in regard to trade in
mammoth ivory in order to prevent it having negative impacts on elephant populations.
While trade in ivory from living elephant species is regulated by the provisions of the Convention, trade in
ivory from extinct members of the order Proboscidea is not. This includes the woolly mammoth
(Mammuthus primigenius), the range of which formerly included Siberia (Russia) and Alaska (U.S.A.).
Although the possibility exists that extinct proboscidean species could be proposed for listing on the
Appendices under the look-alike terms of Article II paragraph 2(b), no proposal to do so has been brought
forward to date.